Autism starts before a child turns to three years. It is a disorder in the brain development which weakens the social interaction as well as communication. Autism causes restricted and repetitive behavior. Autism is a hereditary disorder even though the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear which genes are responsible. Autism is associated with agents which cause birth defects in rare cases. Other possible causes of autism are childhood vaccines which are controversial and the vaccine hypotheses lack convincing scientific evidence. According to a study done in UK the experts say out of 1000 children 3-6 children will have autism. Male are four times more to have autism than females.
Based on the IQ autism is sometimes divided in to the low, medium and high functioning autism. The child affected by autism will show less attention to social stimuli, smile and look at others less often and very rarely respond to their own name. The severity and symptoms of autism may go unrecognized mainly in mildly affected children or when it is covered by more weakening handicaps. Doctors depend on a group of behaviors for diagnosing autism. These behaviors are:
(1) Unable to make friends with peers
(2) Unable to initiate or to continue a conversation with others.
(3) Absence of imaginative and social play.
(4) Unusual, typecast, repetitive use of language.
(5) Preoccupation with certain subjects or objects.
(6) Rigid devotion to certain routines or rituals.
With help of a questionnaire or any other screening instrument doctors assemble information about the child’s development and behavior. Some screening depends on the parent observations and some others on a combination of parent and doctor observations. If there is an indication or possibility of autism, the doctors will ask for more comprehensive evaluation. As autism is a complex disorder a combined evaluation is needed with a multidisciplinary team including psychologist, neurologist, psychiatrist, speech therapist and other expert in diagnosing the children with ASDs. Girls with autism may be suffering from Rett syndrome, a sex-linked genetic disorder described by social withdrawal, deteriorated language skills and hand wringing.
Speech Therapy: The interchanges issues of mentally unbalanced youngsters fluctuate to some degree and may rely on upon the scholarly and social improvement of the person. Some might be totally not able to talk though others have all around created vocabularies and can talk finally on subjects that intrigue them. Any endeavor at therapy must start with an individual evaluation of the youngster’s dialect capacities by a prepared speech and dialect pathologist.
Occupational Therapy: Occupational Therapy can profit a man with a mental imbalance by endeavoring to enhance the personal satisfaction for the person. The point is to keep up, enhance, or present aptitudes that enable a person to take an interest as autonomously as conceivable in important life exercises. Adapting abilities, fine engine aptitudes, play aptitudes, self improvement aptitudes, and socialization are altogether focused on zones to be tended to.
Healing Dynamics: Craniosacral therapy has demonstrated viable in the treatment of Autism. Kids with a mental imbalance feel essentially caught inside themselves. Ordinarily, extremely introverted kids have a tight skull with no “give”. They regularly appear to have extremely compacted worldly bones respectively and for all intents and purposes bolted occipital sutures. Treatment goes for discharging these sutures and setting free the bones of the noggin. Other treatment techniques consolidated in a session include: neurodevelopmental therapy and instinctive control.
There are various psychotropic medications being reviewed as solutions for autism. Antidepressants, stimulants and sleep aids have also proved beneficial to those with autism, allowing for the ability to keep the child at home with family and attend school. Use of some of these medications for some time may cause a loss in effect warranting the need to switch to a new medication.
According to autism consultant Dr Chelvi of the Portland Hospital in London, Autism is an incurable, developmental disability that causes impairment in social interaction and communication. To best treat autism and give children diagnosed with it a chance to “catch up” to their peers, it must be diagnosed early, ideally prior to age two. UK researchers, scientists and the medical community as a whole are working toward better, more reliable methods of diagnosis and treatment. Progress is being made and will continue to be made if parents take note of developmental milestones and possible delays in their young children, and the medical community continues to pay close attention to needs for improved diagnostic and treatment options.